An 81-year-old with a history of high blood pressure heard folk songs from her childhood for hours every day. (Alvarez Perez, 2017). She was only able to hear the music from her left ear since her right ear had lost auditory function (Alvarez Perez, 2017). She assumed that this music was originating from the outside environment and could not imagine that its origin could be from her brain. After the woman’s symptoms progressed and the melodies increased in intensity, her concerned family consulted with physicians. Psychiatrists found that the woman was experiencing musical hallucinations (Alvarez Perez, 2017).
The idea that “slimmer is better” and “fat is bad” is deeply ingrained in Western society. Glossy magazine covers exhibit the latest celebrity weight-loss transformation. Diet gurus tout tips and tricks, promising instant results. Weight-loss tops many lists of New Year’s resolutions each year. However, Western society’s preoccupation with a smaller waist did not emerge without trace. From early male-targeted rhetoric associating slender body ideals with discipline, aptitude, and social power to later feminist activists encouraging dieting as means for women to build strength and agency, a mesh of social and political factors have shaped today’s tenets of diet ideology.
Traditional medical practice is both a historical artifact in some areas but an actively-circulating practice on others. Cultural texts and depictions of traditional practices have illuminated the evolution of these knowledge systems throughout history. Traditional medicine is generally associated with a variety of practices, both physical and psychological, including acupuncture, herbal medicine, and tai chi (Hopp & Shurtleff, 2019). However, since the development of modern scientific and clinical methods, researchers have found many practices of traditional medicine to be ineffective as compared to more modern practices. For instance, acupuncture patients appear to be vulnerable to the placebo effect, in which participants who were given a false treatment experienced similar results to those receiving a real acupuncture treatment.
Are voluminous lashes worth sunken eyes, orbital fat loss, and the probable vision loss? The 26-paged class-action suit filed in 2021 by Genna Ribak cites these symptoms as side effects in her complaint against the global makeup supplier chain Sephora’s popular GrandeLASH-MD lash growing serum. GrandeLASH-MD is marketed as “a cult-favorite lash enhancing serum that promotes the appearance of longer, thicker-looking lashes in four to six weeks.” The product claims that it is “paraben-free” and “cruelty-free,” and presents its key ingredient as hyaluronic acid (Sephora, 2022).
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) refer to a group of disorders that affect the circulatory system, where disease onset is typically attributed to a buildup of plaque in the arteries (Cleveland Clinic, 2022). Common examples of CVDs include heart failure and stroke. While CVDs present a significant health challenge for populations across the world, they are particularly prevalent among Syrian refugees. About 11.1 percent of Syrian refugees over the age of 40 in Jordan suffer from some form of CVD and 29.3 percent suffer from hypertension, which is a significant risk factor for CVD (Hani et al., 2019).
In the last few decades, eating disorders have been on the rise worldwide. From Anorexia Nervosa to obesity, food has found a way to harm our bodies in various unique ways. As a result, it comes to no surprise that in 1997, another eating disorder arose: a disorder that conveniently falls in the middle of this eating spectrum, Orthorexia nervosa. Orthorexia nervosa is a condition defined by the unhealthy habit of solely consuming healthy foods. This article will explore the earliest diagnosis of this condition, its signs and symptoms, and its similarities and differences with other eating disorders.